The 123 spiral curriculum allows children’s learning to be arranged sequentially and at the same time to be reinforced at regular intervals. Topics are arranged in an order throughout a full year. All year levels and classes then cover the same topics at different levels of complexity but at the same time. In this way opportunities arise for teachers to reinforce skills, concepts and subject matter which have been introduced in previous years but to do so at a higher level of difficulty as children move up to each new year level. This allows for greater development of skills and knowledge and the consolidation of prior learning.
By adopting a spiral curriculum model, each year level and class in a kindergarten can be working on the same theme or topic at the same time. This allows for a concentration of resources and co-ordinated activities across year levels and classes. For example, when covering the topic of Autumn, a number of classes can combine for an excursion to a park to examine autumn leaves and to observe the change of seasons. Decoration, displays and art activities can be developed around the same theme to enliven the children’s learning environment. In this way an entire kindergarten building can be transformed into a colourfully decorated, lively and attractive place. Every time the topic changes, new decorations and displays of children’s work can be arranged to keep the learning environment fresh and exciting.
Similarly, planning and professional development can be organised around the topics that are about to be covered. This ensures maximum concentration of resources with a minimum level of organisational effort. Economies of scale can also be achieved, particularly in conducting training of staff. Overall it is an efficient, co-ordinated approach with many advantages that flow into the children’s learning.